Here’s Your Business Start-Up Checklist (written February, 2011)
You’ve decided to start a business. Good for you! This is both an exciting and demanding time. The checklist below is meant to help new business owners by providing a list of the most common start-up steps. Depending on your particular industry, additional steps may be required.
*Prepare a business plan, if you have not done so already. Business plans define who, what, when, where and the how of your business and the products and/or services you plan to provide. Business plans clearly outline the goals of the business, explain the operating procedures, detail the competition, include a marketing plan and explain the company’s current and desired funding. If your company plans to seek funding either in the form of a traditional loan or from venture capitalists, a thorough business plan will be required for the application process.
*Incorporate your business or form your LLC with the state. Forming a business as a corporation or LLC helps to protect the owners’ personal assets from the debts and liabilities of the business. There are other advantages of forming a corporation or LLC, including certain tax advantages and the establishment of credibility for your new business with potential customers, vendors, employees and partners. When forming a business, use professionals, such as lawyers that have experience creating legal entities.
*Select an accountant and attorney. Many small business owners turn to accountants and attorneys for advice when starting out, as well as through the life of the business. Many people seek referrals from friends, family members or other small business owners in order to find an attorney and/or accountant. You may want to search for professionals who have worked with other small business owners, possibly in your same industry, who are familiar with the unique business situations small business owners often face.
*Obtain the federal tax identification number (also called employer identification number or EIN) for your business from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The EIN is like a social security number for a business and is required for corporations and LLCs that will have employees. The IRS uses this number to identify your business for all taxation matters.
*Obtain the state tax identification number for your business (if applicable). Some states require businesses to also have a state tax identification number. To learn if your state has this requirement, contact your state’s taxation department.
*Open a business bank account. It is very important for corporations and LLCs to keep the finances of the business separate from those of the owners. To open a business bank account, most banks require information on the company, such at its formation date and type of business, as well as names and addresses of its owners. Some banks require companies to provide a resolution from the board of directors or LLC members/managers authorizing the opening of the business bank account. In my state of New York, a corporate or LLC seal is often required. It is advisable to contact the bank about its business bank account requirements prior to opening an account.
*Apply for business loans (if applicable). Not all small business owners have enough of their own capital to start a business and many seek outside funding from sources such as banks or through the Small Business Administration (SBA) loan programs.
*Obtain the necessary business licenses and/or permits. Most businesses need licenses in order to begin operations. Licenses may be required for your city, your municipality, your county and/or your state. It is best to contact your Secretary of State to check on business license requirements, as well as your local government agency in charge of licensing to learn their requirements and how to obtain the necessary licenses.
*Obtain business insurance. Just as you have personal insurance, you should obtain insurance for your business. Some industries may have specific insurance requirements. Discuss your particular industry and business needs with your insurance agent to ensure that you obtain the appropriate type and amount of insurance.
*Investigate other insurance and government requirements. Businesses face a number of government and insurance requirements, particularly if the business has employees. You should investigate your business’s obligations for the following: Unemployment insurance, Workers’ compensation, OSHA requirements, Federal, State and local tax, Self-employment tax, Payroll tax requirements (such as FICA, federal unemployment tax, & state unemployment tax) and Sales tax.
*Check zoning requirements. This is particularly important if you are starting a home based business. You’ll want to ensure that you are meeting your city’s zoning requirements for your area.
*Lease office space. If you are not going to be operating a home based business, you’ll probably need to find office space for your new company. Along with leasing an office, don’t forget to purchase or lease the furniture & office equipment you will need to get your business up & running.
*Set up your business accounting. You may decide that your accountant will handle the accounting for your business or you may want to handle the accounting yourself with a small business accounting solution. Either way, you’ll want to ensure that you are prepared to properly account for all business disbursements, payments received, invoices, accounts receivable/payable, etc.
*Establish a line of credit for your business. Establishing a line of credit will help lessen the number of times your new business will be required to prepay for the products and services it purchases. It also helps establish a favorable credit history, which is helpful as your business begins establishing vendor and supplier relationships. As a subset of this, obtaining a D&B D-U-N-S number for your business is also advisable. D&B (formerly Dun & Bradstreet) is the resource most often used to check the creditworthiness of a business.
*Create business materials. Having materials such as a logo for your business, business cards and stationary will help your business to establish an identity and help potential customers find you.
*Develop a marketing plan for your products/services. A primary reason you are starting your own business may be the hope of making money. In order to make sales, people need to be aware of what you’re selling and how to find you. That’s the only way to make money!
The author of this article is Larry Costello, President of All-American Print & Mail, 2200 Wilson Blvd #102-57, Arlington, VA 22201.